The Venetian walls still surround a part of Heraklion;
it is an impressive huge construction of the 15th century, with several
later interventions and expansions.
Two out of the four gates of the wall do survive today: the "Chanioporta"
(meaning "the gate of Chania") and the "Kainourgia Porta" (meaning "the
new gate"), or "porta tou Eissou" ("gate of Jesus"). The walls had 7
bastions, all preserved today. At the Martinengo bastion there is the
tomb of the famous Greek author Nikos Kazantzakis (1883-1957), where
it is written: "I hope nothing, I fear nothing; I am free".
Another important Venetian building is the church of Aghios Titos (St.
Titus). Built upon the earlier Byzantine church, the Cathedral of the
city, was converted to a mosque during the Ottoman domination, and in
1926, after been repaired it beamed an Orthodox church again. Today,
it houses St. Titus' head, which has been returned from Venice in 1966.
The Church of St. Marc, the protector of Venice, at Venizelou square,
is a three-aisled basilica with wooden roof, built in 1239 A.D.; this
too was converted to a mosque during the Ottoman domination; in 1956
it was given its original form and ever since it is used as an exhibition
A series of fountains of the Venetian period are also worth seeing:
the famous Morosini's fountain, dated to 1628 A.D., at Venizelou square,
the Bebo fountain (1588), at Kornarou square, with a Roman torso embodied
in the construction and the Priouli fountain (1666) at Delimarkou street.
Finally, it is worth visiting the restored Loggia, constructed in the
16th century, which houses the Municipal Hall.
From the Ottoman period of the city it is worth visiting some constructions
as the base of the minarett at the church of Aghia Aikaterini and the
buildings of the Ottoman military quarters (1883), established in the
area of the former Venetian quarters. Today, these buildings house various
administration services of the prefecture.
Some greek monuments of the Venetian and Ottoman domination is also
worth seeing. One of them is the church of Aghios Minas, built from 1862
until 1895, impressive for its size, which stands near the homonymous
older church of the 18th century; another important church is the church
of Aghia Aikaterini of Sinah dating back to the 15th century, where
it is housed the Museum of Religious Art.
The Vikelaia Library, built in 1910, the church of Aghios Matthaios
of Sinah, the church of Panaghia ton Stavroforon ("Virgin Mary of the
Crusaders"), the church of Aghios Petros (St. Peter), the large Platia
Eleftherias ("Freedom Square"), the Market and many neoclassic buildings
discarded in the city, are some more worth seeing places, within a city
with really a lot of things to see.
Heraklion has a lot of Museums; undoubtedly, the most important of them
is the Archaeological Museum, the second in popularity museum in Greece,
which houses many of the Minoan finds of all the archaeological sites
in the prefecture's territory. Apart from the Archaeological Museum,
it is worth visiting the Museum of Religious Art, the Historic Museum
of Crete, the Museum of the Battle of Crete and the National Resistance
and the Museum of Natural History. The city is the seat of many Faculties
of the University of Crete and of the Heraklion Technological Educational
Foundations (TEI), as well as of the Foundation of Research and Technology
(FORTH) and of the Technological Park.