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Greece » Crete » Rethymnon Prefecture » Rethymnon Sightseeing » Archaeological site of Apodoulou
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Archaeological site of Apodoulou

At a distance of 53 kilometers far from Rethymnon at the Southeast, within the valley of Amari, it is situated the archaeological site of Apodoulou, very close to the homonymous village, at the site named Tournes. Excavations there were started in the 1930s' by the eminent Greek archaeologist Spyridon Marinatos.

Located at the foot of Psiloritis, at the West, it was a very important site, as it overlooked the route leading to the Messara plain.

The three sets of buildings of the Old Palace period (1950 -1700 b.C.), and the vaulted tombs of the Post Palace period (1380-1200 b.C.), brought to light during excavations carried out by the German Archaeological Institute during the World War II and then, since 1985 by the Greek Ministry of Culture in cooperation with the University of Naples, make clear the importance of the settlement.
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The most interesting finds are the three buildings of the complex. The first of them is found at the East of the hill to the South of the retaining wall. It was a two-storey house as it is evidenced by the remains of a staircase. The building was used to store goods as it is shown by the abundant ceramic vases found on the ground floor. It seems that the building was destroyed by en earthquake.

The second building is a big complex with many rooms at the North of the retaining wall, whereas the third, at the eastern part of the first is somehow more recent than the others.

The most important of the tombs found discarded in the area of Tournes is a vaulted tomb at Sapotakia, with a "dromos" of a length of 7 m. and with a main chamber of 3,00 m. in diameter. Three urns dated to the Post Palace period (1380-1220 b.C.) were found within the tomb.

A vaulted tomb of the 14 th century b.C. is also worth seeing. It is unique in that it is a rare sample of a built vaulted tomb with a 4,5 m. "dromos» and a staircase at the beginning. A lot of interesting finds were found in the tomb: bronze weapons, vases, jewels, and a necklace with an inscription in Linear A script.

The chamber-tomb dug in the soil is another interesting find. The tomb has an impressive "dromos" of 15,50 meters and a staircase with 25 steps. Within the tomb there have been found the remains of a wooden litter, dated in 1400-1200 b.C.
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