The museum opened as soon as it was established; this activity was connected with and contributed to the preservation and restoration of the very important industrial material available in Syros. Through the interesting collection of rare and valuable material as maps, documents, photos and designs, displayed in the former earthwork company of Katsimantis, the visitor forms an accurate and lively image of the industrial life of the island. The collection of the Museum also comprises several machines, some assembled and other in pieces, lots of tools and industrial equipment.
The associations involved in the establishment of the museum started to collect the exhibits since 1980s’; the material comes from industries that was in process of folding up, as well as from purchase and donations. The collection of this Museum is one of the biggest and most important of similar ones in Greece. The exhibits have been collected from almost all the domains of industrial activity of the “golden period” of industry in Hermoupolis: there are represented textile factories, shipyards, wood factories, machinery workshops, tanneries, glass factories, printing factories and loukoumi factories. The items have been collected not only from Syros and other industrial places of Greece, but also from industrial cities of Western Europe.
Recently the museum has been enriched by the finds of a very interesting shipwreck, the steamship “Patris”, one of the first Greek steamships that had sunk out of Kea in 1868.