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Kos Town Sightseeing

The town has many things worth seeing. Most of the ancient ruins of the Classical, Hellenistic and Roman times are found at the South and West of the port of the town.

We recommend you to start your tour from the Archaeological Museum, found at Eleftherias (“freedom”) square, where you may see mosaics, sculptures and other finds. After the visit in the Museum, if you wish to follow the course of time, you should start from Ancient Agora. The Agora of Kos was so big and active that it was counted among the most important ones in the ancient world. The ruins of several monuments are visible in the site: among others, you will see the Doric temple and the altar of Dionysus, dated in the Hellenistic times, the sanctuary of Aphrodite (Venus), dedicated to Aphrodite Pandemos and Pontia (twin Doric temples) and the sanctuary of Hercules.
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Traces of the wall protecting the port and of the portico are still visible today; the constructions had collapsed during the earthquake of 469 A.D. and were replaced by an Early Christian basilica and a Baptistery.

At the western part of the town, you may visit the rectangular stadium, one of the three gymnasia of the town; you will also see the Roman bathes and the famous Roman houses decorated with excellent mosaic pavements.

Of course, the most interesting and impressive building is the medieval castle, also called the castle of Neratzia, at the entrance of the port. The castle has been constructed by the Knights of St. John who dominated the island in 14th and 15th centuries, to replace the much older Byzantine castle.

The fans of old churches will notice that there are a lot of them in the town. It is worth seeing the basilica of Aghios Ioannis (St. John), the churches of Aghios Antonios, Aghios Nikitas o Ftohos (“the poor”), Aghia Ekaterini, Panaghia Syntriani, Panaghia Tsoukalaria, Aghia Paraskevi, Panaghia Faneromeni and Aghios Nicolaos, who is the protector saint of the town.

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One of the more recent monuments worth seeing is the bridge that connects the medieval castle with the area of Hippocrates’ plane tree. Also, you will certainly walk at the palm-trees avenue and bring in mind several films of the 60’s, while a visit to the Municipal Market at Eleftherias square is always interesting and my also be …gorgeous.

Don’t miss to see the “Tax Gate”, which is a part of the wall of the 14th century, and buildings of the period of the Ottoman domination, as the mosques of Ghazhi Hassan Pasha, found at the Loggia square, and the Defterdar mosque.

You will also see several more recent monuments, mainly of the period of Italian domination, as the Government house, the Town Hall, the Municipal Information Desk and the Archaeological Museum. The Cultural Center and the cinemas “Orpheus” and “Panellinion”, properly restored, are also nice buildings that will cease your attention, as it happens for numbers of visitors.

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You will enjoy very much the square of Aghia Paraskevi with the big ficus, stroll about the scenic pedestrian precincts with the stores and see the Knights’ House at the port.

And, if you like train, you may take a tour of the town by the wheel-driven train that will get you up to Asklepeion, the excellent and very important monument situated at a distance of some 3,5 kilometers southwestern to the center of the town.
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