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Lykourgos Logothetis’ Tower, Samos

This tower was constructed in 1824 by Lykourgos Logothetis, the leader of the Samians during the National Revolution of 1821; by constructing the tower Logothetis aimed at having at his disposal a strong defensive fort that could protect both the warriors and the civilians from the Ottoman attacks.

The tower is situated in the town of Pythagorio and access from there is possible on foot.
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Archaeological Collection of Pythagorio

The Archaeological Collection of Pythagorio is housed at the ground floor of the Town Hall, a building constructed in early 20th century, after the liberation of the island. The building was restored after the end of the World War II, because it had suffered extended damages; in 1990s’ restoration works had been undertaken anew, especially at the eastern part of the building.

The most important collections of the museum comprise numerous archaic steles, busts of marble presenting several Roman emperors, pottery from the 9th century b.C. up to the 2nd century b.C and various artifacts and objects of every day life of ancient times.
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The most important of the exhibits are: the marble statue of a seated male figure, presenting Aeakes, the father of the tyrant Polycrates; Aeakes had vowed the stature to Hera and the statue was paid from the profit Aeakes had obtained from piracy; the statue was found at Pythagorio and it is dated in circa 540 b.C. A monumental sarcophagus in a temple’s shape, made of marble, is dated in the second half of the 6th century. There are also two funerary steles, a small porous inscribed and crowned with a palmette, dated in circa 530 b.C., and a marble one also crowned with a palmette; the latter has been found at Chora and it is dated in early 5th century b.C.

From the Roman period we should mention the 2,70 m. high statue of emperor Trajan, made of marble and the busts of emperors Augustus and Claudius, also made of marble and of a height of 49 cm and 53 cm respectively.

Eupalinos’ Tunnel, Samos

Just 2 km out of Pythagorio, it is located the ancient tunnel mentioned by Herodotus as “the two- mouthed tunnel” and actually known as “the tunnel of Eupalinos”, after the name of the engineer who designed and constructed it.

In fact the tunnel is an aqueduct bringing water from the spring «Hagiades» (mentioned by Herodotus as the «Big Spring»), where today is located the small church of Aghios Ioannis (St.John). The tunnel was built during the tyranny of Polycrates, in about 550 b.C, in order to ensure water supply to the city, then flourishing and densely populated.
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1036 m. long, with dimensions of 1,80 X 1,80 m., the tunnel goes through the mountain Kastron, at an axis North/West-South/East, 189 m. below the top of the mountain and 55 m. above the sea level. In its inner part, at a depth of 2-9 m., it is situated the channel carrying the water to the city, through clay tubes.

The tunnel is considered as one of the most important technical achievements of ancient world. It is hewn in the rock, with appropriate supports made of wood; the entrances were built with stones and bricks.

Near the entrances there are also cave-like rooms, evidently for the staff supervising the aqueduct. The most significant feature of the construction is that the workers started working from both sides of the mountain and achieved to meet at the middle, with a deviation of just 5m.!

The whole work was accomplished by Lesbian captives, under the direction and supervision of Eupalinos, an engineer from Megara (Attica); this latter had also constructed the aqueduct of his home city. (In his honor one the newly constructed tunnels of the National Road Athens -Corinth has been named «Eupalinos»).

It has been used as an aqueduct up to the end of Roman era.

Panagia Spiliani, Samos

At a short distance northwestern to the town of Pythagorio it is found Spiliani: as its name indicates (“spilia” is the Greek word for “cave”) it is a small church situated within a big cave; the church is dedicated to the Presentation of Virgin Mary. The church has a very old icon made of marble presenting Virgin Mary, but its features are hardly visible. Beside the church it is found a spring with holy water.

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Another church dedicated to Aghios Georgios (St. George) and a few cells are situated just out of the cave. Spiliani is a dependency of the Monastery of Hozoviotissa of Amorgos. The locals use to call the monastery “Kaliarmenissa”, which would mean in English something like “the one who gives good sails”.

Access to the monastery is easy from Pythagorio by taxi, as well as by rented or private car and motorbikes.
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The Folk Museum of the “Nicolaos Demetriou Intellectual Foundation”

One of the main aims of the “Nicolaos Demetriou Intellectual Foundation” was to found a Folk Museum, an aim that was effectuated in late 1990s’ when the Museum opened to the public. The museum is hosted in a building which is property of the private tourist company that founded it.

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The Folk Museum is part of a general project of a “tourist village”, with houses retaining features of the traditional architecture of Samos. All these features are in harmony with the exhibits of the museum and form a complex that clearly shows to the visitors how everyday life was in the past. Thus, the visitor sill see stone paved streets, stone fences, courtyards with ovens, laundry rooms, wells with windlasses and other facilities of the epoch.

In the museum’s shop the visitor will find several interesting souvenirs and objects as postcards, visual material and editions.

Access to the museum is pretty easy by public buses, as well as by private means (car and motorbikes); for those staying in the area, access is possible also on foot.
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